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How to Get Out of Debt

It’s no secret. Americans really know how to get into debt. In 2018, the total debt of all U.S. households was a whopping $13.54 trillion.
On a more personal level, the numbers are even more eye-popping. The average family with credit card debt owes more than $9,300. Even that pales next to averages for auto loans (about $30,000 per household), student loans ($33,600) and mortgages ($235,000) in the U.S.
However, fewer Americans understand how to get out of debt. It starts with willpower. But there are also proven financial strategies that can really pay off. Let Personal Finance Center, with locations in Tamuning and Dededo, offer tips on how to get back on your feet financially and start controlling your debt today.

Make the Commitment

If you’re carrying a large debt load, be prepared to spend about 15% of your income on reducing it. Why so much? Because if you just make minimum payments on your credit cards and other loans, the interest charges will just continue to pile up.
  • Online assistance. Consider buying debt-elimination software to help you run the numbers and set priorities. Popular choices include Debt Quencher and Debt Analyzer.
  • Tighten the belt. To free up money for debt payments, you’ll need to reduce spending. Come up with a monthly budget, put it in writing and stick to it. Need a few money-saving ideas? Eat fewer meals at restaurants. Make fewer stops at fancy coffee shops. Cancel cable TV and opt for cheaper streaming services.
  • Bigger savings? Evaluate your insurance policies to see if you can find less expensive coverage that still meets your needs. Personal Finance Center offers competitively priced options on business, auto and home owners policies.

Dealing With Cards

Credit cards offer convenient buying power and can earn valuable rewards for consumers. The problem comes when we charge too much, don’t pay down the balance fast enough and the interest charges pile up.
  • Set priorities. If you have multiple credit cards, identify the one with the highest interest rate. Pay as much as possible each month on that card. Make minimum payments on the others. When that first card is paid off, switch the biggest payment to the card with the second highest interest rate, and so on, until your debt is gone.
  • Zeroing in: Another technique is to apply for a new card that offers 0% interest for a certain period, often 12 to 24 months. Then transfer all outstanding balances to the new card. This will buy you time to pay down the balance without accruing new interest charges. Credit cards that can help keep your debt under control.

Loan Arrangements

If you’re like most people living in Guam, you need to buy a home, buy a car and send your children to college. For most people, it’s an excellent idea to borrow money for these purposes. But keeping up with all the payments can be a challenge for many people.
  • Manageable mortgages. Most homes in Guam are financed with 15 or 30-year mortgages. But you’re not obligated to keep the original loan that long. If interest rates drop, consider refinancing. Just a 1% rate reduction can trim payments on a $200,000 mortgage by well over $100 per month. Even if rates haven’t dipped, switching to a loan with a longer payoff period will reduce monthly payments and free up money to pay off shorter-term debt. Loan officers at Personal Finance Center can explain our many mortgage refinancing options.
  • Shift gears. Consumers often drive away from an auto dealer with a vehicle they love and a loan they don’t. The solution is to trade in that unsatisfactory auto and motorcycle. Refinancing to a lower interest rate or longer repayment period will reduce monthly payments and the stress on your household budget. Personal Finance Center offers a wide range of options on auto loan refinancing.
  • School of finance. Student debt can crimp anyone’s lifestyle. One solution is to consolidate all those years of school loans into one new loan to reduce your overall monthly payments and simplify your finances. Guam college grads with federal loans only can apply for a Direct Consolidation Loan.
  • Get it together. Debt consolidation can also be a good strategy for other consumers. Personal Finance Center offers great rates on personal loans, home equity loans and home equity lines of credit. You can use money from those sources to pay off credit card balances, medical bills, and even school loans, and bring your debt situation under control.   
A final word. Beware of debt relief companies and their breathless offers. Many are scams, according to the Federal Trade Commission. Find out who is legit by contacting your local Guam Attorney General’s Office or consumer protection department. Another good bet is to talk to us about consumer counseling services, or seek out a reputable organization that offers such services.  Whatever you decide to do, Personal Finance Center is here to help you get out of debt. Feel free to contact us with any questions.